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Cannabis Legalization in Canada

The latest information about the law

While legalization is a decision by the federal government, each province and its municipalities have areas of responsibilities where they can set their own legislation.

New Law

The Cannabis Act (Bill C-45) creates a strict legal framework for controlling the production, distribution, sale and possession of cannabis across Canada.
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The provincial government has made a number of decisions about BC’s cannabis regulations, outlined in the table below.

BC's Regulations – Cannabis Legalization


Activity Regulation
Minimum Age 19+ to possess, purchase and consume cannabis.
Personal Possession Limits Allowance of up to 30g non-medical cannabis in a public place.

If transported in a motor vehicle, it must be in a sealed package or inaccessible to vehicle occupants.
Places of Use Can be used in public spaces where tobacco smoking and vaping are permitted.

Banned in areas frequented by children including school properties, community beaches, parks, sports fields, skate parks and playgrounds.

Use of cannabis in any form is banned for all occupants in a motor vehicle.

Local governments can set additional restrictions.

Landlords and strata councils can restrict or prohibit non-medical cannabis smoking at tenanted and strata properties.
Home Cultivation Up to 4 cannabis plants.

Landlords and strata councils can restrict or prohibit home cultivation.

Plants cannot be visible from public spaces off the property.

Non-medical cannabis cultivation banned in dwellings used as daycares.
Wholesale Distribution The Liquor Distribution Branch (LDB) is the wholesale distributor of non-medical cannabis.
Impaired Driving Illegal to drive while under cannabis influence.

A 90-day administrative driving prohibition for any driver whom police reasonably believe operated a motor vehicle under the influence of drugs, based on analysis of a bodily substance or an evaluation by a specially trained police drug recognition expert (DRE).

Zero tolerance for drivers in the Graduated Licensing Program (GLP).
Retail Framework The Liquor Distribution Branch (LDB) will run provincial cannabis retail and online stores and will be responsible for licensing private non-medical cannabis stores.